# NEW Resource! Proportional Reasoning in Grades 4-8

For those who have been patiently waiting (and lovingly nagging!) I am happy to announce the publication of my newest math teaching resource: **Proportional Reasoning in Intermediate for Grades 4-8**, **available now through my online store****.**

This resource for teachers of Grades 4 to 8 presents more than 250 pages of open-ended lessons, meaningful practice, games, literature connections and a wealth of problem-solving contexts for supporting students to make sense of fractions, decimals, percentages, ratios and proportions. Designed for today’s diverse classrooms, this resource offers a range of tasks to promote proportional thinking through intentional development of mathematical language and the use of key manipulatives. Colour tiles, Cuisenaire rods and tangrams are used to model and make connections within and between concepts.

In the first section of the resource, students will explore three models – set, area and linear – for representing and describing, comparing and ordering fractions. Students will learn to convert between fractions, decimals and percent and to apply these skills to problem situations, including measurement, tax, discounts and data management. Next, students learn to add and subtract fractions, to solve proportions using a range of strategies (involving both mental math and the appropriate use of technology) and then finally to multiply and divide fractions.

Assessment tools are threaded throughout the resource to allow teachers to keep track of student progress and to make instructional decisions.

**Proportional reasoning IS the math we do every day.** This resource provides an access point for all.

Enjoy!

# Maintenant disponible en français!

**Finally … French translations of my latest books are now available!**

**Je viens de traduire mes deux ressources de bonnes questions** — “**A Year of Good Questions for Grades 2-4**” et “**A Year of Good Questions for grades 5-8**” — afin que mes collègues d’immersion aient des ressources françaises avec lesquelles travailler. Merci pour vôtre patience!

In these **new French translations** of the English originals, you’ll find more than 200 open-ended and engaging problems for french immersion students from primary through middle school. All are posed in French and explore important mathematical concepts across the grades.

The first book: **Bonnes Questions: Une année de bonnes tâches mathématiques pour les élèves de 2e à 4e** is suitable for late primary students (grades 2-4) and features operational tasks, measurement tasks and pattern tasks of increasing complexity, posed in French.

The second volume: **Bonnes Questions: Une année de bonnes tâches mathématiques pour les élèves de 5e à 8e **is perfect for middle school immersion students (grades 5-8), with a focus on proportional reasoning, algebraic thinking as well as operations on integers, fractions and decimals to name a few.

Engaging problems and choice make these volumes the perfect conversation starter for our immersion classrooms, promoting oral language development and mathematical thinking …en même temps!

**All are available from my online store.**

Carole

# New For Primary! Good Questions: A Year of Open-Ended Problems for Grades 2-4

For those of you who have been waiting ever so patiently, I wanted to let you know that I have completed a primary companion to the Year of Good Questions for Grades 5-8 resource released this summer.

**A Year of Good Questions for Grades 2-4** is the late primary version of this stand up calendar of problems — one for every day of the school year!

Like its intermediate counterpart, this compact but potent book comes with an easel so you can set it up on your desk and flip from one rich problem to the next, posing open-ended questions of your primary students.

__Good Questions: A Year of Open-Ended Math Problems for Grades 2-4__ is a problem-a-day resource that includes rich tasks ideal for grades 2, 3 and 4. Organized by topic and structured in problem sets of 5, this simple to use teacher resource includes 200 mathematically important questions to engage your students in deep thinking. For only $25, it’s a reasonably priced way to stimulate and promote mathematical conversation!

Operations, measurement, proportional thinking and patterns are featured in this calendar of problems. Each one engages students in thinking flexibly, critically and creatively to solve tasks of varying complexity.

Visit my online store at mindfull.ecwid.com to order.

Let the fun begin!

Carole

# Good Questions: A Year of Open-Ended Problems for Grades 5-8

I am pleased to say that — beyond spending every day on the water this summer — I DID manage to create a new teacher resource for my intermediate colleagues.

This time, it’s a stand up calendar of problems — one for every day of the school year!

This compact but potent book comes with an easel so you can set it up on your desk and flip from one rich problem to the next, posing open-ended questions of your intermediate students.

__Good Questions: A Year of Open-Ended Tasks__ is a problem-a-day resource that includes

rich tasks ideal for grades 5, 6, 7 and 8. Organized by topic and structured in problem sets of 5 or more, this simple to use teacher resource includes 210 mathematically important questions to engage your students in deep thinking. For only $25, it’s a perfect back-to-school gift for yourself!

Proportional reasoning, measurement, operations and algebra are featured in this calendar of problems. Each one engages students in thinking flexibly, critically and creatively in the face of important and challenging mathematics.

Visit my online store at mindfull.ecwid.com to order.

Let the problem-solving begin!

Carole

# Another New Resource! Multiplicative Thinking – From Skip Counting to Algebra (Grades 3 to 8)

For those of you about to return to another school year, welcome back!

I am truly excited to announce the release of my newest teacher resource book: Multiplicative Thinking: From Skip Counting to Algebra (Grades 3 to 8). This book is designed for teachers of the intermediate grades and is focused on the teaching and learning of multiplication. This resource addresses multiplication deeply — what it means to multiply, when to use multiplication in problem-solving situations, as well as how to manipulate whole number, fractional and decimal factors using strategies like the distributive property.

Lessons on skip counting, patterns in the multiples, factoring, and on prime and composite numbers are included in this 220 page teacher resource. Algebraic thinking is explored as well, from T-charts and input-output machines to solving equations, from graphing linear relations and extrapolation to finding the slope of a line. Students engage with visuals and real-world problems involving proportionality, rates, discounts and taxes to build their understanding of multiplicative thinking and see its very real application to their everyday lives.

Each of the 40 lessons features a connection to prior knowledge, whole class and small group explorations of the Big Math Ideas, guided conversations about the mathematics with key vocabulary, opportunities for meaningful practice, tasks for consolidation and customized assessment tools. Skill building lessons are interspersed throughout the book, ensuring students recall and continue to practice the essential skills needed to apply multiplicative ideas.

And of course literature links and games for practice are — as always — included!

Multiplicative Thinking: From Skip Counting to Algebra (Grades 3 to 8) is available for $40 + $10 expedited shipping. To order, click here or on the link at the right. From there you can also order other titles, including Mastering the Facts: Multiplication, a resource dedicated to the teaching and mastery of the critically important multiplication facts. It’s a perfect complement to this new volume and one that can be used in advance — or concurrently — to build a solid foundation.

Thank you for your support. All the best for a remarkable school year!

*Carole*

**Why Multiplicative Thinking? **

*Multiplicative thinking plays an enormous role in elementary and middle school mathematics. So much bigger than simply knowing the facts — a critically important aspect — the ability to think multiplicatively is essential for success with almost every other mathematical concept, from ratio and proportionality to algebra. It is the operation most often used in “real life” to make sense of large quantities, of taxes and discounts, of income per hour and kilometres travelled. It’s the operation we use when we figure out how much paint or carpet to buy or what a tank of gas is going to cost; when we convert currency for a holiday away or sort out how much to tip on a meal. No matter where we look, multiplicative situations abound. We can’t spend too much time on the teaching and learning of these critical concepts! *

*In writing this resource, I have attempted to introduce multiplicative thinking — both the operation itself and the bigger concept of multiplicative reasoning — in a sense-making way. Through stories, models, pictures and words, students are introduced to the idea of multiplication as “groups of” and as “rows of”. Problems are posed to support learners in connecting what they know about patterns in the multiples to proportional situations. The associative and distributive properties are introduced and applied. Algebraic concepts — input and output machines, graphing and exploring the rate of change in linear relations — round out the topic and provide a preview for multiplicative reasoning at the middle and high-school levels. *

# Announcing…. New Cuisenaire Rod Resources for Grades K-3 and 4-7!

I’ve said it before… Cuisenaire rods **rock**. I was first introduced to Cuisenaire rods in 2006 by my dear friend and mentor John Van de Walle. In February of that year I was invited to join him in Spokane, Washington and to observe as he did demonstration lessons in primary and intermediate classrooms. His problem-based lessons featured Cuisenaire rods, and while I watched the students responding to the openness of the tasks and the richness of the manipulatives I knew I was witnessing something powerful. The proportional relationships between the pieces and the colour wheel connections make Cuisenaire rods both aesthetically pleasing and mathematically significant. I was hooked. It took some time and experimentation to figure out how to best introduce the materials and to sort out what tasks and questions would promote thinking across the grades. But in the end, I’ve managed to compile a **series of open-ended tasks, games, lessons and practice opportunities** that are developmentally sequenced and laid out from Kindergarten to grade 7. I’ve compiled these lessons in **2 full-colour volumes – a primary resource (grades K-3) and an intermediate resource (grades 4-7)**. All of the tasks have been tested and refined to ensure they are classroom-ready and engaging for all! So it is with great humility (and no small sense of accomplishment!) that I announce the release of my latest resources – * Remarkable Cuisenaire Rods: Mathematical Tasks for Primary Classrooms* and

*. These resources would not exist if it weren’t for the mentorship of John Van de Walle. He shaped my mathematical practice more than he knew in his all-too-short lifetime. And so I dedicate my student-centered and pedagogically grounded efforts to his memory. I hope you will enjoy the tasks and games, the investigations and the open-ended problems posed in these resources. They are intended to promote big thinking in elementary –*

**Cuisenaire Rods Rock: Exploring Multiplication and Proportionality in Grades 4-7****from addition and subtraction to skip counting and multiplication, from fractions to division and more…**

**The**

**full colour primary resource,**is intended for Kindergarten through Grade 3 can be ordered by clicking here or on the image on the left. The resource is $40 plus shipping. Click on the link below to preview lesson titles and the intended grade levels for the tasks. Cuisenaire Rod Resource K-3 Table of Contents

*Remarkable Cuisenaire Rods: Mathematical Tasks for Primary Classrooms***The**

**full colour intermediate resource,**is designed for intermediate students and can be ordered by clicking here or on the image at the right. This resource is $50 plus shipping. Click on the link below to preview lesson titles and the intended grade levels for the tasks. Cuisenaire Rod Resource 4-7 Table of Contents As always, thank you for your support! Carole

*Cuisenaire Rods Rock! Exploring Multiplication and Proportionality in Grades 4-7*# Math and Literature for Intermediate and Secondary

Hello, all!

I have attached a short list of some of my favourite math and literature connections for intermediate and secondary classes. It follows on the heels of a workshop I gave yesterday in Maple Ridge, in which we explored important mathematical concepts in a series of engaging reads. There is so much math potential in each of these stories that they can easily be shared with learners across the grades – either as a way to introduce a new topic or to present a context for a meaningful mathematical exploration.

I hope you find these titles – and links to the mathematical concepts they address – helpful.

Enjoy!

# Mental Math Game – Grades 3 and up

I came across an interesting game today in my perpetual on-line search for quality math games that promote thinking. It’s called Mission 211 – Mental Maths.

A video transmission from mission control’s Caleb explains the tasks at hand. You must answer mental math questions as quickly as you can in order to collect biofuel rods and foil the evil roboids..!! Best of all, Caleb provides strategies for solving the problems, if you need his help. The strategies include “counting on”, “breaking down numbers” and “rounding” – what we might call compensation or friendly numbers.

The music and the heartbeat in the background (yes, really!) create a sense of urgency, and encourage you to complete the questions as quickly as you can. If you need help, pressing the “HINT” button produces a mental math strategy to one side of the screen. It’s a super helpful scaffold, and one that helps to make the numbers meaningful. As you progress through the game, there are true or false multiplication and division questions as well – a nice blend of methods and ways of presenting content.

I like it!

Now – back to the game. I’ve got some evil roboids to destroy. 🙂

Carole

PS – **Play the game in FULL SCREEN MODE to avoid silly advertising**…

# Lily Pads – A Skip-Counting Game

Hard to believe the summer has flown by so fast. In the spirit of the season (new classes and freshly sharpened pencils and all that) I wanted to share a game that I put together last spring. It’s appropriate for students in late grade 1 (skip counting from zero) through grade 5-6 (using multiples).

To play, students pair up and each one chooses a colour of counter to play with. Player A spins the spinner (use a paperclip and a downward pointed pencil as a spinner) to find out what number she must count by. Player A puts a counter in her colour on any number in the lily pad grid that is a multiple of that number. So if Player A spins a 2, she can cover a 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, etc – but NOT a 5 or a 15… Then Player B has a turn.

Three in a row in one colour wins the game.

Oh – and if you spin a lily pad, you can put your counter anywhere at all!

Consider using this game as a beginning of the year start up task. Observe your students as they play and listen to their strategies. Chances are you’ll learn something new about your kids….

Have fun!

Carole

# Place Value – with money!

I had fun playing with place value concepts in Vernon last week with a FABULOUS group of grade 5 students. We modelled large numbers in a place value cart (ones, tens, hundreds, and thousands using magnetized colour replicas of Canadian bills – or rather loonies, tens, hundreds and thousand dollar bills! I built dollar amounts by placing bills of different denominations in their respective columns. It was easy for students to say the total value of the bills when presented in this way – easier still to describe them in terms of expanded form and standard form. :o)

Later we explored the idea of multiplication by 10 – and discovered that every time we multiply a number by ten, we move one place to the left in the place value chart. Kids had fun trading twenty loonies for 2 ten dollar bills and writing the multiplication sentence to match!

I’ve attached pdfs of Canadian bills and coins (thousands, hundreds, tens, loonies, dimes and pennies) so that you can explore place value with tenths and hundredths of dollars as well.

Enjoy!

Carole